Who Is At Risk for Insomnia?

Insomnia is a common disorder. One in 3 adults has insomnia sometimes. One in 10 adults has chronic insomnia.

Insomnia affects women more often than men. The condition can occur at any age. However, older adults are more likely to have insomnia than younger people.

People who may be at higher risk for insomnia include those who:
  • Have a lot of stress.
  • Are depressed or who have other emotional distress, such as divorce or death of a spouse.
  • Have lower incomes.
  • Work at night or have frequent major shifts in their work hours.
  • Travel long distances with time changes.
  • Have certain medical conditions or sleep disorders that can disrupt sleep. For more information, see “What Causes Insomnia?”
  • Have an inactive lifestyle.
Young and middle-aged African Americans also may be at increased risk for insomnia. Research shows that, compared to Whites, it takes African Americans longer to fall asleep. They also have lighter sleep, don't sleep as well, and take more naps. Sleep-related breathing problems also are more common among African Americans.


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